Europe in the World: Law and Policy Aspects of the EU in Global Governance

Prof. Dr. Christoph Herrmann, Prof. Dr. Jan Wouters, Prof. Dr. Anna Triandafyllidou, President (Prof.) Marise Cremona and Mr. Joris Larik

Field/Discipline : Law, Economics/Business Administration and Social Sciences

Language : English

Institution : Universität Passau, Juristische Fakultät, KU Leuven, Centre of Global Governance Studies, Global Governance Programme of the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, EUI and European University Institute

Course Description

The study of the EU as an international actor has become a key element in European and International Law, European Studies and International Relations. The EU represents the world’s largest trade power and aid donor, has a diplomatic service larger than that of most states, and has launched more than 20 civil-military operations. It has presented itself as a normative, global actor, and its emergence as a legal entity that is neither a state nor a classic international organization has both puzzled and fascinated legal scholars and political scientists alike. We invite students to delve into and help solve the most intriguing of these puzzles.

We represent a consortium of academics from the Global Governance Programme of the European University Institute in Florence (, the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies ( and the Chair for European and International Economic Law at the University of Passau ( We have come together guided by the vision of providing cutting-edge expertise on the many facets of this fast-evolving field to the greatest number of students.

The course breaks down the EU’s role in Global Governance into 10 key themes, the main concepts of which will be introduced by leading authorities. The themes combine cultural, legal and political science questions, making this course a truly interdisciplinary experience:

  1. European Identity in a Globalising World: Inside & Outside Perspectives

  2. Legal Powers of the EU as a Global Actor

  3. The European External Action Service and its Instruments

  4. The EU, International Law, and the Promotion of Human Rights

  5. The EU in Trade, Development and Monetary Affairs

  6. The EU in Energy Governance

  7. The EU, the Environment and Climate Change

  8. Militarizing the EU? The Common Security and Defence Policy

  9. The European Neighbourhood & the Challenge of Migration

  10. Interregionalism & Multipolarity: The EU in a Changing World

Each topic will be introduced by our experts in concise concept lectures using visual aids (e.g. maps, tables, graphs, mindmaps/Euler diagrams), providing the students with an overview of the topic, outline the main points of view and controversies, and highlight its practical relevance. The visual aids help to make complex issues accessible, such as the institutional setup of EU foreign policy, the geographical delimitation of its spheres of external action, or the new legal procedures to conclude international agreements by the EU. The concept videos serve as the rallying point for each session and as a thread running through the course, and will be combined with readings, online discussion and quizzes, as well as position papers and short essays. While our team of senior experts will be on standby to answer questions, discussions and evaluations will be P2P, under the guidance of a team of specialist grad students at our institutions.

Learning objectives

This course will equip students with answers to the following questions:

  1. What are the main challenges the EU and its Member States is facing in the world today, and how do they affect us personally?

  2. What means does the EU have at its disposal to tackle these challenges, and how do we evaluate its performance?

  3. How does the EU fit into the main theoretical approaches to International Relations?

  4. What are the key legal principles and political realities governing EU external relations, its relationship with its Member States and citizens, and the outside world?

  5. How do Globalization and Europeanization affect our identity as citizens?

MOOC relevance

During the past decades, programmes in European Studies, IR, EU Law, Global Governance and Intercultural Communication have mushroomed. Virtually every university on the continent now boasts at least one of these as a degree course or module. Within these, a course on “Europe in the World” is a MUST-HAVE. Without it, university curricula would disregard the concurrent realities of Globalization and Europeanization.
However, this is a complex and fast-changing field, raising myriad questions of law, politics and culture. Only few individual universities are up to the task of providing profound, cutting-edge and interdisciplinary education in this respect. To close the gap in widespread demand and need for high quality supply, an innovative solution is called for, for which the EUI Global Governance Programme, the Leuven Centre for Global Governance and Passau Law School have joined forces.

Three key factors are in our favour:

  1. Instead of discussing these questions in a classroom of people from the same country plus 2-3 ERASMUS students, our MOOC launches a truly global conversation on Europe’s place in the world.

  2. Even at a top institution, it is hard to commit a multitude of leading academics from different fields to a single course. Thanks to our consortium and the iversity platform, we can.

  3. While in other disciplines, copyright issues hamper open online learning, we can largely rely on open access sources, including legal materials and our online working paper series.

Prior Knowledge

Basic knowledge in one or more of the following subjects would be highly desirable:
- The EU and its institutions/EU politics;
- EU/International law; or
- International relations/politics.


  • Multiple Choice Test
  • P2P-grading of assignments
  • Discussions / Q&A

Additional tools

  • use of polling tools

  • use of social reading tools

Use of online-tools

  • Multiple choice tests serve as a way to provide immediate feedback to students after they watch our concept videos. Consequently, they can focus on the relevant issues in their readings and study more intensely the aspects that are less familiar to them. This allows for the best use of their time and in managing a student body with different disciplinary backgrounds.

  • Assignments in the form of short essays and reading summaries/position papers will be written by the students, and will subsequently be assessed through peer-to-peer review (P2P). This allows individual, qualitative feedback despite the large number of students, which can be double-checked by our grad student teaching assistants. In this way, it will be possible to identify the best essays as well as recurring questions and errors. The top essays can be distributed to all students as examples, while recurring questions can be answered authoritatively by our senior experts.

  • Online discussion forums will be used to let students engage with each other after having watched the concept videos and having studied the materials individually. In a largely decentralized fashion, they can deepen their understanding of the issues and see where work is still to be done. A limited number of assigned reading summaries and/or position papers can be used to give initial impetus to these discussions. Similar to the P2P assignments, the teaching assistants can help to break deadlocks, answer questions and manage the discussion where necessary. As recurring questions on key issues emerge (“bubble to the top”) from the discussions, our senior experts can step in to help resolve them in wrap-up sessions.

  • Online polling tools are useful to gauge general patterns of opinion among the students, to see how they change over time and following discussion, and to compare them with overall European public opinion (using “Eurobarometer” polls for instance). In this way, students can see where they stand on particular issues in relation to their peers and the European average.

  • Social reading tools represent a key element in the collective or group based discussions of key policy documents, legal materials and in case problems to be solved by the students, providing an additional opportunity for P2P intellectual exchange.


  • This course can rely largely on freely downloadable, topical and timely working papers, such as the EUI Global Governance Programme Working Papers, ( ), the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies Working Papers (, and the Working Papers of the Centre for the Law of EU External Relations (CLEER), (

  • Anna Triandafyllidou and Ruby Gropas, What is Europe? (London, Palgrave Macmillan, forthcoming 2013)

  • Christopher Hill and Michael Smith (eds.), International Relations and the European Union, second edition (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2011)

  • Marise Cremona, Jörg Monar and Sara Poli (eds.), The External Dimension of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (Brussels, Peter Lang, 2011)

  • Pieter Jan Kuijper, Jan Wouters, Frank Hoffmeister, Geert de Baere and Thomas Ramopoulos, The Law of EU External Relations, Cases, Materials, and Commentary on the EU as an International Legal Actor (Oxford, Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2013)

Prof. Dr. Christoph Herrmann (Universität Passau, Juristische Fakultät)



Christoph Herrmann is Professor of European and International Economic Law at the University of Passau. His research focuses on the relationship between the EU and the international economic legal order, in particular EU trade policy as well as the Eurozone and its relations with the IMF and other international actors. Christoph studied law (and some economics) at the University of Bayreuth (First State Exam 1999) and European and international economic law at the University of London (LL.M. 2000). He holds a doctorate summa cum laude from the University of Bayreuth (2002) and completed his practical legal education in Germany in 2005 (Second State Exam). From 2006-2007, he was a Jean-Monnet-Fellow at the EUI in Florence and finished his Habilitation in 2009 at the University of Munich. He is editor of the European Yearbook of International Economic Law (EYIEL), listed on the indicative list of panelists of the WTO and was the case author of the ELSA EMC2 WTO Law Moot Court (2012/13).


  1. MONOGRAPH (also “Habilitationsschrift”): Währungshoheit, Währungsverfassung und subjektive Rechte (Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2010)

  2. TEXTBOOK: Welthandelsrecht (co-authored with Wolfgang Weiß und Christoph Ohler) (second edition, Munich, C. H. Beck 2007)

  3. JOURNAL ARTICLE: ‘Die Bewältigung der Euro-Staatsschulden-Krise an den Grenzen des deutschen und europäischen Währungsverfassungsrechts’, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht (EuZW) 2012, pp. 805-812

  4. BOOK CHAPTER: ‘Die Folgen der Finanzkrise für die europäische Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion’, in: Stefan Kadelbach (ed.), Nach der Finanzkrise: Politische und rechtliche Rahmenbedingungen einer neuen Ordnung, Schriften zur Europäischen Integration und internationalen Wirtschaftsordnung, Vol. 25 (Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2012), pp. 79-104

  5. YEARBOOK ARTICLE: ‘Don Yuan – China’s Selfish Exchange Rate Regime and International Economic Law’, European Yearbook of International Economic Law, Vol. 1 (2010), pp. 31-51

Online references:

ONLINE WORKING PAPER: Much ado about Pluto? The “Unity of the Legal Order of the European Union” Revisited, EUI Working Paper RSCAS 2007/5,

ONLINE WORKING PAPER: Play Money? Contemporary Perspectives on Monetary Sovereignty, EUI Working Paper RSCAS 2007/28,

ONLINE WORKING PAPER: Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements as a Challenge to the Multilateral Trading System, EUI Law Working Paper 2008/09,

Prof. Dr. Jan Wouters (KU Leuven, Centre of Global Governance Studies)



Jan Wouters is full Professor of International Law and International Organizations, Jean Monnet Chair ad personam EU and Global Governance and Director of the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies and Institute for International Law at the KU Leuven. As President of the Flemish Foreign Affairs Council, he advises the Flemish Government, and practises law as Of Counsel at Linklaters, Brussels. He studied law and philosophy in Antwerp and Yale University (LLM 1990), worked as Référendaire at the European Court of Justice, was a Visiting Researcher at Harvard Law School and obtained his PhD at KU Leuven (1996). He is Editor of the International Encyclopedia of Intergovernmental Organizations and Vice-Director of the Revue belge de droit international. He has published widely (over 500 publications, including 44 books and 85 international journal articles). He advises various international organizations, trains international officials and comments international events in the media.


  1. EDITED VOLUME: The EU’s Role in Global Governance: The Legal Dimension (co-edited with Bart Van Vooren and Steven Blockmans) (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013)

  2. EDITED VOLUME: The European Union and Multilateral Governance (co-edited with Hans Bruyninckx, Sudeshna Basu and Simon Schunz) (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012)

  3. EDITED VOLUME: The Europeanisation of International Law: The Status of International Law in the EU and Its Member States (co-edited with André Nollkaemper and Erika de Wet) (The Hague, TMC Asser Press, 2008)

  4. JOURNAL ARTICLE: ‘The G20 and Global Economic Governance: Lessons from Multilevel European Governance?’ (with Thomas Ramopoulos), Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 15, No. 3 (2012), pp. 751-775

  5. JOURNAL ARTICLE: ‘La représentation de l’Union européenne à l’organisation des Nations Unies. L’UE, un acteur plus fort ou plus contesté ?’ (with Hanne Cuyckens), Annuaire français de relations internationales, Vol. 13 (2012), pp. 421-433

Online References:

TALK: Jan Wouters, ‘The European Union, a Global Actor after the Treaty of Lisbon?’, Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), International Governance Speakers Series, uploaded 1 November 2010,

TALK: Jan Wouters, ‘Global and EU Regulatory Responses to the Financial Crisis’, Executive Seminar Series of the Academy of Global Governance, at the Robert Schuman Center for Advance Studies, EUI, Florence, 18-22 October 2010,

ONLINE WORKING PAPER: ‘The Responsibility to Protect and Regional Organisations: The Example of the European Union’ (with Philip De Man), Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies Working Paper, February 2013,

ONLINE WORKING PAPER: ‘Some Critical Issues in EU-India Free Trade Agreement Negotiations’ (with I. Goddeeris, B. Natens and F. Ciortuz), Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies Working Paper, February 2013,

ONLINE WORKING PAPER: ‘The Arab Uprisings and the European Union: In Search of a Comprehensive Strategy’ (with Sanderijn Duquet), Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies Working Paper, January 2013,

Prof. Dr. Anna Triandafyllidou (Global Governance Programme of the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, EUI)



Anna Triandafyllidou is Director ad Interim of the Global Governance Programme of the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies and Director of the GGP Research Strand on Cultural Pluralism at the European University Institute (EUI). She is a senior fellow at the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy, Visiting Professor at the College of Europe and Editor in Chief of the Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies. Prof. Triandafyllidou received her PhD from the EUI in 1995. In 2001, she was a Fulbright Scholar at NYU. She serves as national expert on migration issues for the OECD and the International Organization for Migration, and acts as an evaluator of research projects for, inter alia, the European Research Council and the European Commission. Her main areas of research are migration, nationalism, European integration, media and discourse studies. She has published over 20 books and authored over 100 articles in refereed journals and chapters in edited volumes.


  1. BOOK: What is Europe? (with Ruby Gropas), The New Europe Series (London, Palgrave Macmillan, forthcoming 2013)

  2. BOOK: Migrant Smuggling. Irregular Migration from Asia and Africa to Europe (with Thanos Maroukis) (London, Palgrave, 2012)

  3. EDITED VOLUME: Muslims in 21st Century Europe (London, Routledge, 2012)

  4. JOURNAL ARTICLE: (with Maurizio Ambrosini) ‘Irregular Immigration Control in Italy and Greece: Strong fencing and weak gate-keeping serving the labour market, European Journal of Migration and Law, Vol. 13, No. 11 (2011), pp. 251-273.

  5. JOURNAL ARTICLE : ‘Sub-Saharan African Immigrant Activists in Europe. Transcultural Capital and Transcultural Community Building’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 32, No. 1 (2008), pp. 93-116.

Online References:

NEWSPAPER ARTICLE: New York Times Op-Ed: ‘Resolve the Real Greek Crisis TALK’ (with Edward P. Joseph), published 5 February 2013,

TALK: Anna Triandafyllidou, ‘EUI Intra EU-Mobility and EU Citizenship in Times of Crisis’, EUDObservatory Dissemination Conference, EUI, Florence, 22-23 November 2012,

ONLINE POLICY PAPER: ‘Greece: How a state in crisis manages its migration crisis’, E-note for the Institut Francais des Relations Internationales, March 2012,

(for further online policy papers see:

President (Prof.) Marise Cremona (European University Institute)



Marise Cremona is President ad interim of the European University Institute. She joined the EUI in 2006 as Professor of European Law and was later appointed Head of the Department of Law. She is a member of the Board of Electors to the Professorship of Law, University of Cambridge, General Editor of the Collected Courses of the Academy of European Law (Oxford University Press), and is a member of the Advisory Board of the European Foreign Affairs Review and the Editorial Board of the European Law Review. Professor Cremona holds a BA honours degree from Somerville College, Oxford, and an LLM in International Law from Darwin College, Cambridge. Previously, she held the professorship of European Commercial Law at Queen Mary University of London. Her areas of interest include EU external relations, trade and development policy, common foreign and security policy, European neighbourhood policy and enlargement, the internal market and the institutional and constitutional law of the EU.


  1. EDITED VOLUME: The External Dimension of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (co-edited with Jörg Monar and Sara Poli) (Brussels, Peter Lang, 2011)

  2. EDITED VOLUME: Developments in EU External Relations Law, Collected Courses of the
    Academy of European Law (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008)

  3. EDITED VOLUME: EU Foreign Relations Law – Constitutional Fundamentals (co-edited with Bruno de Witte (Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2008)

  4. JOURNAL ARTICLE: ‘The Union as a global actor: Roles, Models and Identity’, Common Market Law Review, Vol. 41, No. 2 (2004), pp. 553-573.

  5. BOOK CHAPTER: ‘The Two (or Three) Treaty Solution: The New Treaty Structure of the EU’, in: Andrea Biondi, Piet Eeckhout and Stefanie Ripley (eds.), EU Law After Lisbon (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2012), pp. 40-61

Online References:

TALK: Marise Cremona, ‘The Innovations of the Lisbon Treaty’, Diplomatic Academy of Vienna, 9 December 2011,

INTERVIEW: ‘The president’s plan’ (written by Rosie Scammell), December 1, 2012,

ONLINE WORKING PAPER: ‘Justice and Home Affairs in a Globalised World: Ambitions and Reality in the tale of the EU-US SWIFT Agreement’, Austrian Academy of Sciences Institute for European Integration Research, Working Paper No. 04/2011, March 2011,

ONLINE WORKING PAPER: ‘Enhanced Cooperation and the Common Foreign and Security and Defence Policies of the EU’, EUI Law Working Paper 2009/21,

ONLINE WORKING PAPER: ‘Member States as trustees of the Community interest: participating in international agreements on behalf of the European Community’, EUI Law Working Paper 2009/17,

Mr. Joris Larik (European University Institute)



Joris Larik is coordinator of the “Europe in the World”-MOOC consortium. He is a researcher/PhD candidate in law at the European University Institute in Florence, as well as visiting lecturer at the Law Department of the University of Passau and the School of International Studies at the University of Dresden. The defence of his dissertation entitled “Worldly Ambitions: Foreign objectives in European constitutional law” is scheduled for 3 June 2013.
Joris holds a BA in International Relations from the School of International Studies at the University of Dresden, an LLM in Public International Law from Leiden University and an MA in EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies from the College of Europe, Bruges. In 2008, an article of his won the ‘NATO Manfred Wörner Essay Award’.
His research interests focus on the law of external relations of the European Union, EU constitutional law, public international law, as well as security and trade policy.


  1. BOOK CHAPTER: ‘Entrenching Global Governance: The EU’s constitutional objectives caught between a sanguine world view and a daunting reality’, in: Bart Van Vooren, Steven Blockmans and Jan Wouters (eds.), The EU’s Role in Global Governance: The Legal Dimension (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013), pp. 7-22

  2. JOURNAL ARTICLE: ‘The Duty to Remain Silent: Limitless Loyalty in EU External Relations?’ (with Andrés Delgado Casteleiro), European Law Review, Vol. 36, No. 4 (2011), pp. 522-539

  3. BOOK CHAPTER: ‘Going Naval in Troubled Waters: the European Union, China and the Fight against Piracy off the Coast of Somalia’ (with Quintin Weiler, EEAS), in: Jing Men and Benjamin Barton (eds.), China and the European Union in Africa: Partners or Competitors? (Farnham, Ashgate, 2011), pp. 81-103
    [translated into Chinese as: 昆汀•威勒 尤里斯•拉瑞,‘在不平静的水域开展海军行动: 欧盟、中国在索马里海岸打击海盗的行动’, in: 门 镜 本杰明•巴顿, 中国、欧盟在非洲:欧中关系中的非洲因素 (Beijing, Social Sciences Academic Press, 2011), pp. 113-142]

  4. BOOK CHAPTER: ‘Much More Than Trade: The Common Commercial Policy in a Global Context’, in: Malcolm Evans and Panos Koutrakos (eds.), Beyond the Established Legal Orders: Policy Interconnections Between the EU and the Rest of the World (Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2011), pp. 13-45

  5. JOURNAL ARTICLE: ‘Kennedy’s “two pillars” revisited: Does the ESDP make the EU and the US two equal partners in NATO?’, European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 14, No. 2 (2009), pp. 289-304

Online References:

  1. BLOG POST: ‘Kadi De-listed – a cause for celebration?’, European Law Blog, 30 October 2012,

  2. ONLINE EDITED WORKING PAPER: Ever-Closer in Brussels – Ever-Closer in the World? EU External Action after the Lisbon Treaty (co-edited with Madalina Moraru), EUI Law Working Paper 2011/10, [features nine chapters on 154 pages]

  3. ONLINE JOURNAL ARTICLE: ‘Operation Atalanta and the Protection of EU Citizens: Civis Europaeus Unheeded?’, Perspectives on Federalism, Vol. 3, No. 2 (2011), pp. 40-66,

  4. ONLINE WORKING PAPER: Shaping the international order as a Union objective and the dynamic internationalisation of constitutional law, CLEER Working Paper 2011/05,